- WHERE TO STAY
- ATTRACTIONS + TICKETS
- PUBLIC TRANSPORT
- CRUISE PORTS
Child fares on London's Underground and buses are very complicated and fragmented.
Every year on January 2, ticket regulations and prices are reviewed and regularly child fare rules and options are tinkered around with as well as the adjustments to prices.
This page tries to explain as simply as possible the situation for your child, together with some workarounds to get around some of the restrictions. If you still don't understand there is an opportunity to discuss at the foot of the page.
At one extreme your child may travel free everywhere, at the other end of the spectrum if unprepared you may end up paying adult fares – so it's worthwhile making sure you understand the subject.
Children under five can travel free at any time on all public transport without a ticket as long as they are accompanied by an adult with a valid ticket.
Public transport in London
London fares & payments
London airport transfers
Cruise port transfers
Public transport to/from London
Fares & payment
Cruise port transfer
Under-11s can travel free at any time on London's buses and trams without a ticket.
They can also travel free at any time on the Tube, London Overground and DLR (Docklands Light Railway) when they are travelling with an adult who has a valid ticket. Up to 4 children under 11 years old accompanied by a paying adult travel free on the London Underground.
Unaccompanied children between 5 and 10 must have a valid Oyster Photocard for free travel. (Ah yes, the Photocard we'll come back to these further down the page).
On trains in the London area run by the national railways children between 5 and 15 need a child ticket. Most visitors do not use train services run by the national rail companies as they are essentially commuter services from the suburbs.
Which trains within London are are run by national rail companies
To the visitor it is becoming increasingly difficult to explain which surface rail lines within London are run by the national rail companies and which offer free travel to 5-10 year olds.
Very crudely speaking, if your surface train (not Underground train) runs from Paddington, Marytlebone, Fenchurch Street, London Bridge, Blackfriars, Charing Cross, Waterloo or Victoria it will almost certainly be a national railways train.
For visitors the most popular trains used within London that are national rail run are Waterloo to Hampton Court and Waterloo or Paddington to Windsor.
Unaccompanied children aged 11 to 15 years must get an 11-15 Oyster Photo card to travel free on buses and trams and at child rate on Tube, DLR and London Overground services using an Oyster card (see Oyster Photocard section below).
You can buy child rate Travelcards and single one-way child tickets on the Underground, railways and DLR, but not the buses.
For most visitors staying in London for 2 weeks or less with children between 11 and 15 the ticket of choice is an adult Oyster card loaded with a Young Persons Discount.
The Young Persons Discount has its own section further down the page.
In the UK you become an adult when you are 16. However in London it is possible to get child fares by getting an Oyster 16+ Oyster ID Card.
It is very similar to 11-15 Oyster Photocards, but you cannot use it to buy 1 Day Travelcards.
For short-term visitors, for most it is not a realistic option because of the expense and time required to obtain an Oyster ID Card - you'll just have to accept your child is an adult while in the UK.
If you are studying at a recognised educational establishment in London that is registered for the scheme and you are residing in London you can apply for a Student 18+ Oyster ID card.
This enables you to get 30% discount off bus and Travelcards of 7 days or longer.
The Oyster ID Card required by children between 11 and 15 to get child rate fares on Oyster is for most short-term visitors not a realistic proposition.
The cost, hassle and time to process the ID card is just not worth the effort. The Young Visitor Discount scheme has been created as the answer for short-term visitors who have children between 11 and 15.
The Young Visitor discount gives half adult rate pay as you go fares on bus, Tube, tram, DLR, London Overground and most National Rail services for up to 14 days and gives your child a daily cap half that of an adult.
After 14 days the discount will expire and the Oyster card will charge full adult rate fares.
The discount can be set on both regular Oyster Cards and Visitor Oyster cards.
The Young Visitor Discount can only be set onto Oyster Cards and Visitor Oyster Cards at:
- Any Underground station (including Heathrow Airport). Although there are no longer manned ticket offices at Underground Stations members of staff will be available in the ticket hall with the ticket machines. Just make contact with a member of staff to have the Young Visitor Discount loaded onto the Oyster.
- Visitor or Travel Information Centres (Gatwick & Heathrow Airports, Liverpool Street, Euston, Paddington and King's Cross Railway Stations and Piccadilly Circus Underground Station)
- Victoria Station National Railways Ticket office
- TFL Rail station ticket offices
To get the Young Visitor Discount:
- You and your child must be together at the ticket office when asking for it to be set
- One adult can get the Young Visitor Discount set for up to four children
The Oyster ID Card is no real problem if you are a London resident with a young child. Take a little time for the initial registration process to get your Oyster Photocard and that's your passport to free and half price public transport until you are an adult. When you want a child travel product, just produce your Oyster Photocard.
For visitors it's a lot of hassle and expense to procure an Oyster ID Card and often it's too late when you do find out the hoops you have to jump through to get child fares via the Oyster Photocard.
If you are a short-term visitor the probable solution is the Young Visitor Discount detailed in the section above or one of the work around solutions detailed in the section below.
First of all, the recurrent question from visitors – my child has got a passport with his/her age on it, isn’t that good enough as ID?
I’m afraid the answer is no, you need London’s unique Oyster Photocard, nothing else.
If you are a resident of London, it's quite straightforward. Get a form from your local Post Office and fill it in, then return to the Post Office with the fee, a passport size photo, plus birth certificate or passport and you should get it in 2 weeks.
If you are resident in the UK then you have to do the process online, you'll get the Photocard within 4 weeks.
If you live outside the UK you must apply at least four weeks before the date you want to collect the Zip Oyster Photocard and select which London Visitor Centre you want to collect it from (it's not sent to your home address). You can apply up to three months in advance of your chosen collection date.
Oyster ID Cards cost between £10 and £20 depending on the ID card required.
Other ways of obtaining child fares other than Oyster ID Cards and the Young Visitor Discount are:
- You can buy child single journey tickets for journeys on the Underground, DLR and trains but not the buses. But note these are the most expensive child rate fares available.
- You can buy a 1 day child Travelcard on demand without ID - though again Oyster fares are cheaper.
- You can buy child 7 day Travelcards from national railway station ticket offices without Oyster ID Cards. As a rough guide if you travelling in London 5 or more days in any 7 then a 7 Day Travelcard works out cheaper than Oyster Pay As You Go.
If you do not have a railways ID card you will need to provide a passport size photo and this is made up on the spot free of charge. Railway stations in the centre of London with railway ticket offices (that are manned) include: Paddington, Marylebone, Euston, King's Cross, St Pancras, Liverpool Street, Fenchurch Street, London Bridge, Charing Cross, Waterloo and Victoria. You cannot buy 7 day Travelcards from the railways at any airport station.
- You can buy 7 Day Child Travelcards without any photo ID online from the TfL / Visit Britain online shop and have them delivered to your home, including overseas. There is a delivery charge.
If there is an aspect of child fares you need clarifying we're happy to provide guidance and clarification.
Normally, Bob, our resident expert and author of this page will reply within 24 hours.